Delhi on Sunday reported the first monkeypox case in a 31-year-old man. The patient has been admitted to Maulana Azad Medical College with a fever and skin lesions.
According to the reports, the man who tested positive has no history of foreign travel, but he had recently attended a party in Manali, Himachal Pradesh.
This is India’s fourth case, and all the three other cases are from Kerala.
This comes a day after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared monkeypox a global public health emergency. According to the health data, the WHO informed that more than 16,000 cases and five deaths had been reported so far from 75 countries.
How does the monkeypox virus spread?
A person can contract the monkeypox virus by coming into close contact with someone who has the rash, including by face-to-face, skin-to-skin, mouth-to-mouth, or mouth-to-skin contact, including through sexual interaction.
Anybody who comes into contact with infected objects, surfaces, objects, bedding, towels, clothing, gadgets, or other items is at risk of developing the disease. It’s also possible to contract a virus from clothing, bedding, or towels, or from breathing in skin flakes.
What are the symptoms of the monkeypox virus?
- Skin rashes (starting from the face and spreading to arms, legs, palms and soles)
- Lymph node enlargement
- Headache, muscle ache or exhaustion
- Sore throat and cough
Symptoms normally last two to three weeks and disappear on their own or with supportive treatment, such as fever-relieving drugs or painkillers. Until all lesions have crusted over, all scabs have fallen off, and a fresh layer of skin has developed underneath, a person is still contagious.
Who are at higher risk of catching the virus?
Pregnant women, children, and those who are immunocompromised are at higher risk for severe disease or complications.