Marburg Virus outbreak: 9 dead in Equatorial Guinea, know its symptoms and causes
The World Health Organisation (WHO) on Monday confirmed the first-ever outbreak of the Marburg virus in Equatorial Guinea. The hemorrhagic fever virus, as deadly as Ebola, has at least killed 9 people in the country’s western Kie Ntem Province.
Marburg virus disease is a highly virulent disease that causes hemorrhagic fever, with a fatality ratio of up to 88 percent. So far, 16 suspected cases of the Marburg Virus have also been reported in the province. The province is currently under quarantine.
Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, stated that Marburg is highly infectious. Thanks to the rapid and decisive action by the Equatorial Guinean authorities in confirming the disease, emergency response can get to full steam quickly so that we save lives and halt the virus as soon as possible.
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Marburg Virus: Symptoms
Within seven days of infection, acute hemorrhagic symptoms associated with MVD begin to manifest. It may take a few days for the initial symptoms to appear, such as fever, body aches, and malaise.
Here are the symptoms of Marburg virus
- Sudden onset of high fever
- Muscle aches
- Nausea and vomiting
- Chest pain
- Sore throat
- Skin rash
- Bleeding from multiple orifices, such as eyes, nose, and gums
How is Marburg Virus spread?
The virus is transmitted to people from fruit bats and spreads among humans through direct contact with the bodily fluids of infected people, surfaces, and materials.
How to prevent from getting infected with Marburg virus?
- Avoid contact with bats and other animals that may carry the virus.
- Using protective clothing, such as gloves, gowns, masks, and goggles when in contact with potentially infected individuals.
Marburg Virus: Treatment
There is no specific vaccine or medicine to cure the Marburg virus. However, supportive care such as rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids and treatment of specific symptoms improves survival.
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