The six-member Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) hiked the repo rate by 50 basis points to 5.4 percent with immediate effect. The RBI took this decision as part of its ongoing attempts to control inflation, which recently reached a multi-year high.
RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das announced the August bi-monthly monetary policy on Friday. Apart from the hike in repo rates, the bank rate has also been increased by 50 basis points to 5.65 percent, the standing deposit facility (SDF) has also been raised by 50 basis points to 5.15 percent, MSF also rose by 50 basis points to 5.65 percent.
Repo refers to the interest rate at which the central bank lends short-term funds to banks. Changes in this rate are frequently passed on to the broader banking sector. The bank rate is the rate charged by the central bank for lending funds to commercial banks.
The 10-year government bond yield increased by 10 basis points to 7.25 percent after RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das stated that further monetary accommodation is necessary due to the inflationary situation.
While announcing the policy, Das said MPC remains focused on the withdrawal of accommodation to ensure inflation remains within target going forward, while supporting growth.
The RBI has increased interest rates for the third consecutive time. The repo rate was increased by 50 basis points to 4.9 percent by the RBI’s MPC in its last monetary policy review in June. After a 40 basis point off-cycle monetary policy increase in May, it was the second increase in a month.
India is expected to be the fastest growing economy in FY23, according to RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das. The external debt-to-GDP ratio decreased from 21.2 percent in March 2021 to 19.9 percent in March 2022.